The magnificent science of Ayurveda proves itself with each seasonal shift. Living an Ayurvedic lifestyle means living with Mother Nature and attuning yourself inwardly to her beauty. Those with a vata prakruti are imaginative, creative, light-hearted, and get a lot done in a short period of time. Vata is made up of the elements air and ether which hold the qualities of being dry, light, cold, and mobile as they move like the wind and change direction often. When those with a vata nature lack a consistent schedule it disturbs the body’s internal energy, prana. This can lead to anxiety, tremors, unable to accomplish started tasks, they may experience insomnia, constipation, dry stools, bloating, gas, and dry skin. Vata does best when stable, regular routines help to channel and focus their large, natural amount of energy.
In Ayurveda, seasonal eating is primarily beneficial for prevention. A vata pacifying diet is best during the early Fall which will prevent vata from becoming aggravated in the Winter. If vata is aggravated in the winter, a vata-pacifying food program may prevent overflow or minimize symptoms.
Vata is balanced by foods that have a sweet, sour, and salty rasa (taste). Foods should be grounding, warm and nourishing such as root vegetables: carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, beets, and parsnips. This is the season for spices and they can give the warmth vatas need such as fresh ginger, black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, fenugreek, cumin, and turmeric. Food and drinks should be taken warm, never ice cold or raw as this will support a strong agni – digestive fire. For those with more vata in their prakruti, they do best when they eat more frequently, 4-5 small meals a day. Food should be taken in small amounts and preferably at the same time each day so as to not dampen the agni.
Here are some of my favorite winter recipes
- Fall Veggie + Quinoa Soup
- Winter Chai Tea
- Warm Spiced Milk
- Stewed Spiced Fruits
- Warm Spiced Quinoa Cereal
Yoga practiced in a warm environment with slow and calming asanas with a connection and awareness to the earth are beneficial. Keeping vata grounded to prevent excessive mobility is essential. For example, tree pose (Vrksasana) and mountain pose (Tadasana) will root your feet into the ground, reducing anxiety and overwhelm. Warrior I and II are also beneficial, helping to ground your energy while building strength in the thighs, lower back and hips, the main regions of the vata dosha. Since vata is prone to constipation, standing or seated forward bends that compress the pelvis is healing.
Fast-paced vinyasa or flow sequences can aggravate vata. Slow movement supports the joints while quick movements increase mobility, creating dryness. To make a vinyasa more vata-pacifying, move deliberately and slowly, extending the length of time that you hold each pose. Moving through transitions between poses, with conscious awareness rather than rushing on to the next pose will help you to remain present.
Finally, vata types benefit from doing a long, deep corpse pose or shavasana – at least 15–20 minutes. Keep a blanket nearby so that after your practice, you can cover the body allowing you to contain the heat from your practice.
One of the most common signs of a vata imbalance is difficulty falling or staying asleep. To much creative energy, anxiety or worry is surging through the mind and the body becomes restless. Rest is rejuvenating and has heavy and stable qualities that help to balance the light and mobile tendencies of vata. It is important to go to bed and wake up at or about the same time every day. A general rule is that we are in bed by 10:00 pm and wake with the sun, sunrise! Establishing proper bedtime routines can be life-saving. Avoid t.v., computer, phone, or any stimulating activities an hour prior to bed. Instead, spend the last hour before getting into bed doing one or more of the following: a warm herbal massage, indulge in a warm flower bath, meditate, curl up in bed with a warm cup of warm spiced milk, and a book.
Vatas do best with oils that are warming and calming, think sweet and spicy! The sweeter the oil the more nourishing and the spicier, the more warming. Blending oils can help you get both qualities vata needs. Sweet oils: sandalwood, jasmine, chamomile, or lavender mixed with Spicy Oils: cinnamon, rosemary, patchouli, or basil can be beneficial. You can put these into a diffuser to create an aromatic environment in your home or room. You can make a room spritzer by adding a few drops of each spicy and sweet oil to a spray bottle of distilled water. You can add oils to your bath water to get that nice relaxing and warm sensation while bathing.
Studies show that the sense of touch can bring just as much healing as the food we take into our bodies. A lead researcher, Dr. Tiffany Field from the University of Miami School of Medicine, states that “touch is the first sense to develop and the last to fade even after sight, hearing, smell, and taste has faded with age”.
Benefits of touch
- reduces aggression
- stimulates growth and development in children
- improves sleep and alertness
- reduces pain, depression, and stress by reducing cortisol levels, a hormone that rises when we are under stress.
- increases dopamine and serotonin, two brain chemicals that improve mental outlook
- improves the immune system and increases T-cells that fight cancer and viruses
Ayurveda massage with herbal, warm oils, is called “snehana” which means, “to love”. The daily application of oil to the body builds self-love. Abhyanga (Ayurveda massage) daily can be life-changing for those with a vata imbalance. The primary qualities of Vata are dry, light, cool, rough, subtle, and mobile. These qualities are opposite to those of the warmed, herbal oil. The great teacher Sushruta said, “The deranged vayu [Vata] of the body is restored to its normal condition by the help of Udvartana (oil massage).” Sushruta Vol.2, 24:28.
It is important to consider the type of oil you choose for massage. Vata benefits from warm, heavy, moist oils such as sesame and almond.
Vata Pacifying Abhyanga
- It is best to do the abhyanga in a warm place to avoid getting cold. I like to turn the heater on in the bathroom or place a space heater in the room.
- The oils should be warmed (not hot) prior to application. You can do this by putting a cup of the oil into a squeeze bottle and place it in a warm water bath in a pan on the stove or in the bathroom sink filled with hot water.
- Sit or stand on a dedicated “oil towel”, an old towel or bath mat that you don’t mind getting a little oily. I like using a bath mat and then I just roll it up after each use.
- Without being in a hurry, lovingly and patiently massage the oil over your entire body for 10-15 minutes,
beginning at the extremities and working toward the center of the body. Use long strokes on the
limbs (long bones) and circular strokes on the joints. Massage the abdomen and chest in broad, clockwise,
circular motions. In the morning, I like to do more fast vigorous motions to stimulate lymph and circulation and in the evening I do it more slowly to promote relaxation.
- To apply the oil to the crown of your head, put about a quarter size amount of oil into your hand and using the pads of your fingers massage your entire scalp in circular strokes. Sometimes I do a “hair oil bath” about once per month where I drench my hair in the oil and leave it overnight in a towel – great for beautiful, shiny, strong hair!
- Lastly, put a couple of drops of warm oil on the tip of your little finger and apply to the opening of the ear canals and to the opening and inside of the nasal passage.